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BACKGROUND

BACKGROUND

Journalism and Nepal

Nepal is a landlocked country. Its politico-economical system, socultural traditions and landscapes are different than India and other countries. Nearly 36% of the populations are literate. Nepal is a country of amazing contrasts. There are world’s highest mountains including Sagarmatha (Mt. Everest) towering above populated valleys and forested plains in which the lordly tigers and trundling Rhinoceros live. Enchantments is everywhere, be it on the shoulders of high mountains with terraced ridges like stairways to the sky, in the bustle of the cities, on quite or rushing rivers of forest full of wild flower and songs of the birds. Something for everybody: trekker, river runner, wild life enthusiast, tourists, poet, writer, artist or the weary in search of a personal sangrilla. In Kathmandu the capital, or in its sovers, to cross a street is to travel across centuries. Shrines, temples, place, square, Angles Sculptures and legend are parts are of very brick and stone and gilded master piece. They make Kathmandu valley, a living museum.

DIFFERENT SECTOR IN NEPAL

GEOGRAPHY
Nepal, a sovereign independent democratic country lies between 80.4 and 88.12 East longitudes and 26.2 to 30.27 North latitude. It is bounded on the North by Tibet region of peoples republic of china, on east by Sikkim and west Bengal, on the west by Uttar Prades of india. The length of the kindom is 880km. East-West, and its breadth varies from 144 to 240 Km. North to South. It lies on temperature climate zone with the added advantage of valleys are 4000ft. above the sea-level. All seasons are good for travelling. Each has its own unique charm.

PEOPLE

Nepal has a population of 23153423, made up different races and tribes, living in differen regions wearing different costumers and speaking different languages and dialects. The gurungs and magars live mainly in the western region and the southern slopes of annapuma, himalchuli and ganesh himal. The rais, limbu and sunwars in habitat the eastern mountains. The Sherpa. The tigers of the snow, live in the Himalayan region up to an altitude of 15,000ft. The Newars constitute the most important part of the people live in the Kathmandu valley and tharus generally lives in the terai region of Nepal. All these races and triebs live together peacefully as an intergral whole, they are tied up together by their common ideals of peace, democracy and patriotism.

HISTORY

Nepal has a long glorious history. Its civilization can be traced back more than two thousand years before the birth of Christ. Modern Nepal is an amalgamation of number of principalities which had independent entries in the past. Before the advent of prithivi narayan shah, Kathmandu valley were indeed very great and unique. As the popular legend goes, the original settlers of the Kathmandu valley were the gopals, mahisapalas and kirats, later succeeded by lichhavis who in turm were succeeded by the thakuries and mallas. In 1768 the shah dynesty ascended the throne of Nepal.The period between 1846 and 1951 is generally described as the dark period in the history of Nepal, the period when the autocracy of rana prime minister ruled the country despotically. As result of the popular revolution of 1950-51, the autocracy was replaced by semi-democracy in Nepal till 1959 and a parliamentary democracy for one half years till December 14th 1960. On December 1960 there was royal take over and once democracy was abolished in Nepal. There was dictatorial regime ….. of panchayat system. The popular uprising of 1989 from 18th Feb. to April 9 i.e. 49 days f popular struggle once more brought back democracy in Nepal. The understanding is that there shall be constitutional monarchy along with multiparty democracy in Nepal. Sovereignty resting with the People of Nepal.

RELIGIONS AND CULTURE

Hinduism and Buddhism are two major religions of Nepal. They worship[ both Hindu and Buddhist deities and celebrate festivals of both religions, The Kumari of virgin Goddess of Kathmandu, for instance, is common Goddess, but selected from a Buddhist clan. The rich culture heritage of Nepal can be seen the divers social customs and frequent social- religious festivals, which spills into the streets and squares of the cities and villages. You can see that it has its root in heary history.

LANGUAGE

Different ethnic groups have their own languages. However, Nepal, is the government language, serve the purpose of lingu franca in Nepal. It is written in devnagari script. The educated people speak and understand English as well as hindi.

CLIMATE

Nepal’s climate varies with its topography. The climate ranges from tropical to aortic varying with the altitude (29,208ft. to a little below 100ft. above sea level). The terai region, which lies in the tropical section of the country, has a hot, humid climate. The midland region is pleasant all the year round, although winter nights are cool. The northern region, at and altitude above 11,000ft. has an alpine climate with a considerable lower temperature in winter.